Global Aktion - Mennesker & miljø før profit
Indsatsen vedrører følgende verdensmål:
- Mål 3: Sundhed og trivsel
- Mål 5: Ligestilling mellem kønnene
- Mål 7: Bæredygtig energi
- Mål 10: Mindre ulighed
- Mål 13: Klimaindsats
- Mål 16: Fred, retfærdighed og stærke institutioner
- Mål 17: Partnerskaber for handling
Indsatsen foregår i følgende lande:
- AAAJC - Associação de Apoio e Assistência Jurídica às Comunidades
Overordnede mål :
Local communities in Mozambique are sustainably empowered to know and enforce their legal and human rights vis-à-vis the national and local government and the extractive industries.
Umiddelbare mål :
1. A systematic advocacy effort has taken place at local, national and international levels, applying pressure on the Mozambican government and extractive industries to act in accordance with Mozambican law and human rights, with regards to extraction of natural resources in Mozambique. 2. AAAJC has capacitated and empowered the local population and local CSO’s in the Lago district in Niassa Province has been capacitated to defend their human and legal rights, using capacity and experience gained by AAAJC from Dziwani I and II. 3. The communities, affected by the extractive industries in Tete have been empowered to defend their legal and human rights through the strengthening and networking of Natural Resources Management Committees (NRMCs) and the empowerment and increased inclusion of women in these committees.
The Dziwani lll project has the communities affected by the extractive industry in the Tete province (central Mozambique) and Niassa province (Northern Mozambique) as its main target groups. The principal target group for the Dziwani III project is the affected communities, consisting of: No. of families No. of women No. of men No. of children Province of Tete 19.105 46.496 34.802 14.227 Province of Niassa 8.276 19.930 12.078 12.506 Total 27.381 66.426 46.880 26.731 The principal target group for the Dxziwani III project is the above listed affected families. This group is the one whose livelihood in particular has suffered or will suffer from the exploitation activities, and they are the ones with least knowledge of their rights as well as of ways to set these rights through. Within these communities, the project specifically works with and target capacity-building of the NRMCs, as these committees are the principal means for communication and information to the broader population within the communities. The CSOs in Tete and Niassa provinces, like the UCA, which is a partner of AAAJC on different platforms, are the second target group for the project. They are involved because they have keen interest in the well-being of the primary target group. During the cooperation they pick up new methodologies for dialogue and work with the target group. Government officials at local, provincial and national levels take a special position: On the one hand, they are an important secondary target group in the sense that their cooperation is crucial for fulfilling the Mozambican law on remuneration of the local population in areas for the activities of extractive industries. On the other hand, however, the Government officials will be subject to demands and protests initiated by the local communities if they don’t fulfil their obligations according to law.
In spite of a Mozambican legislation that gives the communities the right to compensation, prior consultation and the right to a part of the revenue from the extractive industries on their lands, the increased activity from extractive industries has not yet resulted in socio-economic development. The project proposal is a continuation of the Dziwani I and Dziwani II projects, implemented in Tete province, Mozambique, by the partners of the Mozambican NGO AAAJC and the Danish Afrika Kontakt during 2015-16 and 2016-19.In the Dziwani III project the local awareness-building and organisation from these projects will be turned into an effective tool for advocacy for the rights stated in Mozambican Law as well as for improving the liveliness. This will lead to advocacy at local, provincial and in particular at national levels.The experience achieved from Tete province will be transformed into support for the local population in an area in Niassa province, where the extraction of local resources are just about to begin.