Towards Self-Determined Development in Southern Africa
Global Aktion - Mennesker & miljø før profit
Indsatsen vedrører følgende verdensmål:
- Mål 8:Anstændige jobs og økonomisk vækst
- Mål 10: Mindre ulighed
- Mål 16: Fred, retfærdighed og stærke institutioner
- Mål 17: Partnerskaber for handling
Indsatsen foregår i følgende lande:
- Democratic Republic of Congo
- South Africa
- Alternative Information and Development Centre
Overordnede mål :
To ensure self-determined development in the Southern African region by strengthening the Right to Say No locally, regionally and globally in order to avoid exploitation of local communities by transnational corporations.
Umiddelbare mål :
The overall development objective will be achieved through three immediate objectives, which are as follows: The organizations of the R2SN movement are provided with and competent in using necessary tools, strategies and actions to empower affected communities to defend their legal rights and resist exploitative practises of TNCs. The R2SN movement is stronger in both visibility, capacity and level of engagement as a result of increased interaction across the Southern African region. The R2SN movement has positioned itself to advocate and leverage the SADC to adopt legislation that protects local communities from human rights abuses by TNCs.
The primary target group comprises nine movement organisations within the R2SN network. These movement organisations are located across the Southern African region where they work towards securing the rights of communities directly affected by TNC activities. Among the targeted movement organisations, some are CSOs, like Justicia Ambiental (JA!), Mining Affected Communities United in Action (MACUA) and The Southern African Green Revolutionary Council (SAGRC). Others are Community Based Organisations (CBOs), like Amadiba Crisis Committee in South Africa, where locals have mobilised and organised around struggles in their home communities. Others again are regional movements with local chapters such as the Zambia, Namibia, and South African legs of Rural Women’s Assembly (RWA), WoMin in South Africa or the Research and Support Center for Development Alternatives-Indian Ocean (CRAAD-OI) in Madagascar. The first secondary target group of this intervention, are the communities affected by TNC led activities. These communities are located in the Southern African countries of South Africa, Namibia, Zambia, Mozambique and Madagascar. As citizens in their respective countries, they represent the rights holders, whose rights this intervention seeks to leverage. Another secondary target group is comprised of the duty bearers, i.e. the political institutions that hold the power to create legislation that can hold TNCs accountable if they conduct human rights abuses in their business activities. These being SADC and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) whom this intervention seeks to influence to adopt more just legislation that regulate the activities of extractive industries. The third secondary target group is civil organisations that AIDC and GA can reach in order to build a broader alliance around the R2SN. These are organizations that are already a part of some of the same networks and foras that the AIDC and GA participate in. This includes; World Social Forum, African Social Forum, SAPSN, Global Campaign for Dismantling Corporate Power, and the network of organisations that advocate for the UN Binding Treaty. Local and regional media in Southern Africa and Denmark will be targeted as the tertiary target group to ensure the spread of information about the R2SN campaign, and thereby affect public opinions as well as decision-making of politicians and the extractive industry.
Transnationale virksomheder er ansvarlige for adskillige krænkelser af menneskerettighederne og miljøet i det Sydlige Afrika. Disse inkluderer ødelæggelse eller forringelse af naturressourcer, lokale levebrød, tvangsforflyttelse og utilfredsstillende kompensation. De mennesker der lider mest, er nogle af de mest marginaliserede. Gennem et partnerskab med Alternative Information and Development Centre (AIDC) i Sydafrika, der vil mobilisere organisationer i samtlige lande i det Sydlige Afrika, ønsker interventionen at bidrage til at lokalbefolkningerne i det Sydlige Afrika selv kan bestemme, hvilken udvikling de ønsker. Dette vil ske, ved at styrke og informere om lokalbefolkningers ret til at afslå transnationale virksomheders aktiviteter på deres jord.