Protecting community livelihoods in a fast changing landscape
Orangutang Fonden/Save the Orangutan
Indsatsen vedrører følgende verdensmål:
- Mål 1: Afskaf fattigdom
- Mål 2: Stop sult
- Mål 10: Mindre ulighed
- Mål 12: Ansvarligt forbrug og produktion
- Mål 13: Klimaindsats
- Mål 15: Livet på land
- Mål 16: Fred, retfærdighed og stærke institutioner
- Mål 17: Partnerskaber for handling
Indsatsen foregår i følgende lande:
- Yayasan Borneo Nature Indonesia (BNF)
Overordnede mål :
The project aims to contribute to the protection of natural resources in the fast changing Rungan Landscape, securing the communities’ continued access and legal rights to forest resources and contributing to increased awareness and capacity to engage in sustainable livelihood strategies.
Umiddelbare mål :
Immediate objective 1: By the 1st of January 2023, the communities’ access and rights to livelihood resources in the Rungan Landscape have been integrated into a multi-stakeholder management plan, and concession holders and the government have been advocated for the implementation. Immediate objective 2: By the 1st of January 2023, community members have gained increased awareness and capacity to engage in sustainable livelihood activities in a fast changing landscape.
The proposed project targets four indigenous communities located in the Rungan River area in Central Kalimantan province. Central Kalimantan is the province in Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo) with the highest population of Dayaks, the indigenous inhabitants of Borneo. The inhabitants of the communities identify themselves as the Dayak Ngaju tribe. The four target communities are highly relevant: The Dayak Ngaju communities in Rungan are a marginalised group of people with insecure land tenure and resource-dependent livelihoods. The communities’ interest in the project is founded in their urge and hope for rights to land and improved living conditions. The communities’ livelihoods are affected negatively by the industrial development in the area: the ancient forests of Rungan River are facing an immediate threat from conversion to plantations and illegal logging and illegal gold mining is wide-spread. This situation was worsened during the partners’ previous intervention, why urgent action is needed. The communities are of high relevance for the aim of BNF to improve social welfare and sustainable livelihoods in and around Rungan River as a part of their BNF-RROCP program. The target groups have been involved in the planning of the proposed project (through the lessons learned process from the previous intervention), and are thus familiar with the planned activities. Hence, the proposed project is based on their wishes for positive change. The four villages of Mungku Baru, Bukit Sua, Petuk Barunai and Panjehang in Rakumpit subdistrict (Kecamatan), Palang Karaya municipality (Kotamadya), will make up the primary target group, in order to continue the advocacy process to engage in multi-stakeholder planning of Rungan, including Social Forestry in the setup. Moreover, to build on existing capacities to inspire and motivate other community members to engage in environmentally friendly and climate-resistant livelihood activities. The villages are located along the Rungan River and consist of a total of 461 households with 1867 individuals. The indigenous Dayak Ngaju tribe have a strong cultural identity with many traditions and rituals. Although the population in Rakumpit sub-district has embraced both Christianity and Islam, the Dayak Ngaju tribe still maintains and preserves Dayak tradition - the Kaharingan religion. This among others involves ritual ceremonies, which are generally divided into two parts, namely the ritual of life and death.
The project aims to contribute to the protection of natural resources in the Rungan Landscape and secure the communities’ continued access and legal rights to these, thereby contributing to sustainable livelihood strategies. The communities’ access and rights to livelihood resources in the Rungan Landscape will be integrated into a multi-stakeholder management plan, including community areas for Social Forestry. Concession holders and the government will be advocated for the implementation of Social Forestry Schemes. Moreover, community members will gain an increased awareness and capacity to engage in sustainable livelihood activities in a fast changing landscape. This involves working on three fronts: building on successful capacities within the communities to keep on establishing sustainable livelihood activities, reduce mercury in fish intake and reduce and find alternatives to the use of mercury in mining operations.